Australian Miniature Goat - Designer Pet Breed
Welcome to the world of the Australian Miniature Goat
Photo Credits Bouncing Hooves Stud, Riverstone, Patona Park.
Photo Credits Bouncing Hooves Stud, Patona Park, Serendipty Stud, Coldridge Park.
A little something special
Miniature Goats are a "Designer Pet Breed". Established in 2000 and very popular with pet owners that have a small allotment of land and looking for that special pet that is a bit different. They come in all percentages from purebred to crossbreeds, all colours and colour combinations, coat types, ear types, eye colours and body shapes giving them that “designer” edge where pet buyers can select the look of the goats they want to add to their family. Match that with their individual personalities and you have the perfect pet!
About The Breed
Origin: The Australian Miniature Goat is an Australian breed established in 2000 exclusively for pets. The breed was originally developed by pairing carefully selected smaller stature animals of excellent type from purebred and cross bred full sized goats with small Australian bush goats to ensure hardiness of animals. Purebred goats that continued to meet height requirements graded up with some breeders preferring to try to breed smaller more breed specific types.
Temperaments: Gentle and loveable, easily trainable. They are gregarious, friendly with a calm and playful nature.
Uses: Predominately a pet breed. For families looking for backyard milking pets a well-bred miniature female can produce enough milk for the family each day some of which can be used to make cheese, yogurt and even soap. Miniature goats with Cashmere coats can be shaved and the fleece can be spun and used to make small garments or used in art and craft. Goat manure is very high in nitrogen, and is great for the garden. Miniature Goats make great companion animals and can be kept with horses, cattle, sheep, alpacas and many more species. Miniature Goats run on land that is often steep or not accessible to larger animals and they are often used to control weeds and over grown bush land.
Suitability: The Australian Miniature Goat has an impeccable temperament making the breed suitable for pets for young and old alike.
Size: While the breed is still under development, with breeders continuing to work on both refinement of type and reduction of height an MGBA registered Australian Miniature Goat has a maximum height allowance of 63.5cm. Purebred adults 57cm for does and 60 cm for bucks.
HERD BOOK PUREBRED Does must not exceed 57cm , Bucks and Wethers must not exceed 60cm. Nuwby: Does must not exceed 59.5cm, Bucks and Wethers must not exceed 62.5cm.
PUREBRED Does must not exceed 57cm, Bucks and Wethers must not exceed 60cm. Nuwby: Does must not exceed 59.5cm, Bucks and Wethers must not exceed 62.5cm.
GRADE A Does must not exceed 58.5cm, Bucks and Wethers must not exceed 61cm. Nuwby: Does must not exceed 61cm, Bucks and Wethers must not exceed 63.5cm.
GRADE B Does must not exceed 59.7cm, Bucks and Wethers must not exceed 62.2cm. Nuwby: Does must not exceed 62.2cm, Bucks and Wethers must not exceed 64.7cm.
GRADE C Does must not exceed 61cm, Bucks and Wethers must not exceed 63.5cm. Nuwby: Does must not exceed 63.5cm, Bucks and Wethers must not exceed 66cm.
GRADE D Does must not exceed 63.5cm, with or without recorded parentage. Bucks and Wethers must not exceed 63.5cm and must have one registered miniature parent. Nuwby: Does must not exceed 66cm. Bucks and Wethers must not exceed 66cm.
OVER HEIGHT Over height animals may be used in the development of the miniature breed with their progeny being eligible for inclusion in the lower grades provided such progeny meet the height requirements for the breed.
Lifespan: 10–15 years
Breeding: Paired from 12 to 18 months of age. Gestation is 145 to 153 days. Miniature does generally have 1 kid, twins and triplets are common.
Price: Registered Australian Miniature Goats are individually priced on availability, age, height, grade, colour, show status and demand.
||$250 to $1000 plus*
|Intact Males (Bucks)
||$450 to $2000 plus*
|Desexed males ( Wethers)
||$150 to $450 plus*
*Prices quoted are average prices.
Registrations: The Australian Miniature bred animal does not become an "Australian Miniature Goat" and qualify for the breed until they are 3 years of age and have been height verified and proven to be under breed height and meet registrations requirements as an adult. Until this time these animals are registered as Miniature Bred. The MGBA uses a grading up process D, C, B, A, Purebred, Herdbook, Herdbook Purebred. For more information please visit the Australian Miniature Goat Registration page.
Recommendations: The MGBA recommends that buyers purchase at least 2 goats. Goats are a herd animal and require same species to live happy and healthy lives as well as being able to be trouble free pets.
It is recommended new breeders only purchase adult animals 3 years and over.
For more information about the breed, housing, feeding, keeping and registration requirements please see the dedicated pages at the top of the page.
Photo Credits Junabel Stud, Mannaview stud, Cassandra Ellis, Bouncing Hooves Stud, Tyalgum Ridge Stud, Silverfern Stud.
The Standard of Excellence of the Australian Miniature Goat
The Herdbook Purebred Australian Miniature Goat is considered to be the Ideal: A Miniature Goat Breeders Association of Australia Inc. (MGBA) registered animal, meeting breed standard requirements for Herdbook Purebred- Does 57cm and under and wethers/Bucks 60cm and under at 3 years of age. Such an animal would qualify as a Herdbook Purebred having two parents that have qualified for Purebred status.
Beauty, symmetry and balance, possessing the conformation characteristics desirable of the breeds. Miniature Goats should show refinement and femininity in the Does, and boldness and masculinity in the Bucks, at the same time, displaying an impeccable temperament. The general impression should be one of refinement, symmetry, agility and an alert intelligence. The Miniature Goat is a creature of very high intelligence, curiosity, alertness and friendliness.
Behaviour/Temperament: : A good temperament is of the utmost importance - tractable, alert, curious, intelligent, co-operative and friendly.
General Appearance, Style & Quality: The Australian miniature goat is a genetically small-sized, well-muscled, stylish animal with all parts of the body in balanced proportion relative to its size. The animal must exhibit a natural presence - alert attitude combined with balance, style and overall symmetry. Coat may be naturally short or cashmere. Any colour, marking or pattern is acceptable, any skin colour acceptable, any eye-colour is acceptable. Any ear structure is acceptable.
Size: Heights as listed for grades. Height Measurement is to be taken at the highest point of the wither to the ground with the animal standing squarely on all four feet with all legs in a vertical line to the ground, with the head held in an upright relaxed position.
Head & Breed Character: Head wide, medium in length with bright eyes set well apart. Any eye colour is accepted. Facial profile and ears in accordance with the breed standard type, polled or neatly disbudded. A relatively wide muzzle, with even bite (allowance for Nuwby) and broad lips.
The neck should be in proportion to the size of the animal and must blend smoothly into all body junctions, feminine in does and masculine in bucks, showing appropriate muscling.
Forequarters: Withers, wedge shaped, set prominently above tightly assembled shoulders. Points of shoulder and elbow should be tight and blend smoothly with body allowing the forelegs to move smoothly against the ribs. Refined bone with sturdy, clean molded joints. The crop should be full and the brisket moderately prominent & low. Chest floor deep and wide.
Body: Long, deep, wide body increasing in width from heart girth to rear barrel; level top line and proportionately short, strong, broad back that is level along chine and loin; Full at elbow, Well sprung, open, long flat ribs with increasing width and angling towards the rear of barrel. Refinement of bone but not lacking in substance, especially in the chest, girth, shoulder and hip.
Does: Udder should be deep, wide and capacious in relation to the size of the doe. Udder should be balanced and tightly attached, soft and pliable, blending smoothly as viewed from the side and the rear. Teats proportionally shaped and evenly sized.
Bucks: must have two evenly placed rudimentary teats and a full, well attached, relatively even, appropriately sized scrotum and two evenly sized testicles. Sheath clean.
Feet & Legs: Correct from all angles set wide apart, straight, strong and squarely underneath. Medium length, well-angled pasterns front and rear. Cleanly moulded hocks, nearly perpendicular from hock to pastern, well defined tendons.
Serious Faults: Nasty temperament, overshot or undershot jaw visible, more than 1cm (10mm), obviously crooked face, Hermaphrodism (both male & female), monorchid/cryptorchid (retained testicle/s), serious emaciation, blindness, horns. Folded ears (length wise), teeth protruding more than ½cm (5mm), but not visible, double teats or supernumerary teats that interfere with kids nursing, ill defined unbalanced udder. Bucks with divided scrotum, more than 2½cm, scrotum small for age of animal. Scurs more than 5cm.
Breed and Show faults of the Australian Miniature Goat
MINOR BREED FAULTS
Folded ears (length wise)
Double teats or supernumerary teats (that do not interfere with kids nursing)
Bucks with divided scrotum, less than 2½cm
Teeth protruding less than ½cm (5mm) not visible.
MINOR SHOW FAULTS Faults will be judged on their severity
teeth protruding less than ½cm (5mm) not visible, neck too long or thin, loose shoulders, shallow or narrow chest floor, roach or sway back, slab sided, shallow body, short rump, narrow or steep sloping rump, fleshy pendulous udder, unduly divided udder, pockets in udder, teats too small, too thin, bulbous, double teats, supernumerary teats, double orifices, that do not interfere with kids nursing. Bucks with divided scrotum, less than 2½cm. Cow or sickle hock, knock knees, posty leg, dropped pastern, feet pointing in or out, splayed feet, uneven gait, Scurs more than 2½cm but less than 5cm.
SERIOUS BREED FAULTS
Teeth protruding more than ½cm (5mm)
Double teats or supernumerary teats that interfere with kids nursing
Ill-defined unbalanced udder
Bucks with divided scrotum, more than 2½cm
Scrotum small for age of animal
SERIOUS SHOW FAULTS (second place only):
Folded ears (length wise), teeth protruding more than ½cm (5mm), but not visible, double teats or supernumerary teats that interfere with kids nursing, ill-defined unbalanced udder. Bucks with divided scrotum, more than 2½cm, scrotum small for age of animal. Scurs more than 5cm.
DISQUALIFYING BREED FAULTS
Overshot or undershot jaw visible, more than 1cm (10mm)
Obviously crooked face,
Hermaphrodism (both male & female),
Monorchid/cryptorchid (retained testicle/s)
DISQUALIFYING SHOW FAULTS (not eligible for showing);
Nasty Temperament, overshot or undershot jaw visible, more than 1cm (10mm), obviously crooked face, Hermaphrodism (both male & female), monorchid/cryptorchid (retained testicle/s), serious emaciation, blindness, horns.